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Friesian Accolades and Designations

Studbook status: From the year that a mare is three years of age she can be entered in the Studbook register. The horse needs to be inspected and meet the minimum requirements for exterior, movement, height at the withers (minimum height 1.54m), and markings (horses with non-allowed markings are not entered in the Studbook they will remain in the foalbook)

Ster (Star) predicate: The Ster predicate is awarded during inspections of horses from the year they are three years of age. To be considered for the Ster predicate the horse needs to meet minimum requirements for exterior, movement (in hand), and height at the withers (minimum height 1.56M). The Ster predicate can be awarded to mares, geldings and stallions in any of the Studbook registers, including the Bijboeks.

Kroon (Crown) predicate: In 2007 it was decided to introduce the Kroon accolade for mares. The Kroon predicate is a predicate to which exterior and sport aptitude requirements apply. Selection for the (preliminary) Kroon predicate takes place during the Central Mare Show/Centrale Keuring in Holland and at our National shows or judging here in RSA. Should a mare receive a 1st premie and preliminary Kroon status, the mare will be asked to return later that day to be re-judged for confirmation of the earlier judging. If the judges are happy with the out come the mare will then have the “Verloopige Kroon status until she has completed the IBOP. If the correct score is awarded for the IBOP the Mare will become Kroon. There is no time limit in which the mare has to complete the IBOP test

The requirements for consideration for the (preliminary) Kroon predicate are:

  • minimum age is three years old.
  • 1st premie star
  • exceptional confirmation and movement
  • for permanent Kroon status the mare must complete an IBOP with a minimum score of 77.0 points and an average of 7 for walk and trot. If the Sport predicate is earned that will also convert the preliminary-Kroon status into permanent Kroon status.
  • Minimum height at the withers 1.58m.

Esfane Friesian Stud imported, Trynke VDW (Bente 412 Stb Sport x Jacob 302 Stb Sport ) Trynke VDW is the first mare to get the Kroon Predicate in South Africa.

IBOP - With the data from IBOP tests the KFPS have been able to determine the sporting ability of the horse and in return assist breeders and potential owners in selecting a Friesian with a better capacity for sport. In breeding, these tests results play a large role in the selection of stallions when breeding

Model predicate: The Model predicate is a predicate to which exterior and sport aptitude requirements apply. The best mares of the population are considered for the awarding of the (preliminary) Model status. This takes place at the respective judging’s throughout the country and at the National shows.

The requirements for the (preliminary) Model status are:

  • minimum age is 7 years old.
  • the mare must have produced a foal or have a foal on her.
  • for permanent Model status the mare must complete an IBOP with a minimum score of 77.0 points and an average of 7 for walk and trot. If the Sport predicate is earned within that time frame that will also convert the preliminary-Model status into permanent Model status.
  • minimum height at the withers 1.60m.

Sport predicate: In 2007, the first Sport Predicates were awarded to horses that had shown outstanding achievement in competitive sports- dressage, carriage and show trotting.

The Sport predicate can be awarded to mares, geldings, and stallions that achieve good results in competitive sport. The Sport predicate can only be obtained based on results achieved at shows registered with the “Koninklijke Nederland’s Hippische Sportfederatie”/Royal Dutch Equestrian Sport Federation (KNHS), or an affiliated body within South Africa. The scores registered will determine qualification for the Sport predicate.

The minimum requirements for awarding of the Sport predicate are:

  1. dressage: Z1 +5 (medium with 15 winning points)
  2. show driving: cat. I & II honor class/ereclass and cat. III open class/open classes in one season six placements as prize winner in the “green season”
  3. driving (dressage): Z +10
  4. driving (combined): class 3 +10.

This information gives breeders the ability to see the potential of Sport ability in both the mother line and the sire line.

Preferent for mares: Preferent status for mares is granted when the mare in question has produced at least four quality horses. Quality horses are considered to be:

  1. Ster or Model mares.
  2. Ster geldings.
  3. Foal Book Ster stallions.
  4. Studbook stallions.
  5. Stallions that made the second viewing of the stallion inspection.

Mares registered in the Foal Book and the Studbook may become Preferent on offspring. The Preferent predicate needs to be requested with KFPS. Preferent status may be requested both by the owner of a mare or by the owner of the offspring. Preferent status may also be requested posthumously.

Preferent for stallions: The Preferent predicate can be awarded to stallions that have a lasting, special influence on the breed. For consideration for Preferent the quality of the offspring will be tested for the breeding-goal characteristics. The lasting value of a stallion is evaluated based on the predicates achieved by offspring multiplied with a determined weighing value. Stallions who have achieved a total of 1.000 points are declared Preferent, without intervention of inspection and/or board. Application for the Preferent predicate can occur when a stallion has achieved a total of 700 points.

The application is evaluated by inspection. The inspection sends its advice to the board and the board decides whether the particular stallion becomes Preferent. The weighing values are as follows: Ster 1, Kroon 5, Model 10, Sport 15, Preferent 15, Prestatie 20, Studbook stallion 25, Studbook stallion approved based on progeny test 50, Dam of a Studbook stallion 20.

Performance-dam/Prestatiemoeder predicate: The predicate Performance dam/Prestatiemoeder is awarded to mares that have produced three direct offspring that were awarded the Sport predicate

In South Africa the Friesian breed continues to grow. We have seen vast improvement in the breed over the last 10 years. It was a natural progression for some of the bigger breeders to import mares and breed stallions to introduce new modern blood, meeting the new standards of the KFPS. These imported horses have played a vital role in the growth of the Friesian horse in SA.

Due to the difficult history of the Friesian, and it near extinction. This has meant the Friesian is quite in-breed. With this in mind it is important to remember the old bloodlines that most of our locally breed horses stem from. These horses provide different and interesting bloodlines that are not so common in Holland. So while the modern Dutch Friesian is what we are looking for conformationally and movement wise, the local Friesian is also important for breeding interesting bloodlines. It is very important to breed these horses correctly and ensure that they are breed up so we continue to improve these local bloodlines. The FPSSA encourage all Friesian owners to use only approved breeding stallion, improving the breed is the ultimate goal of the FPSSA.

Each year the various inspectors and judges of the KFPS, get together to ensure that the breed criteria are meeting the standards of the equine world. Forums, discussions and meetings of appropriate breeding panels world-wide are conducted yearly by the KFPS and affiliated bodies, to ensure that the Friesians remains competitive in the equine industry. We have seen over the last few years how the implementation of the above mentioned accolades and discussions have helped inform breeders of the breeding abilities of the horses and how in turn it has helped to create the modern Friesian horse that we are looking for today – a functional and harmonious built, all round horse with typical Friesian breed characteristic, that is healthy and vital and has the aptitude to perform in sport.